Date: July 9th, 1997
Type: Fokker 100
Where: Sao Paulo, Brazil
Report No.: Not Available
Report Date: -
This is not an accident investigation report.
July 9, 1997 - Passenger Sucked Out Of Brazilian Jet
SAO PAULO, Brazil - A passenger was sucked out of a Brazilian airplane and
fell to his death after an explosion tore off an emergency door on Wednesday,
The TAM airline Fokker-100 made an emergency landing at Sao Paulo's domestic
airport after a blast at the back of the plane tore off the emergency hatch
and part of the fuselage.
"I was sitting in the front but I could feel I was being sucked towards the
hole in the fuselage," passenger Eloir Cavati said. "The cabin pressure fell
sharply. There was panic and we all started praying, even the flight
Police found the body of the missing passenger Fernando Caldera de Moura and
parts of the plane in a field 30 miles (50 kms) from Sao Paulo.
TAM officials said five of the 61 passengers and crew on board flight 283
were injured in the emergency landing.
Cavati told Reuters there was a loud explosion at the back of the aircraft
shortly after take-off from Sao Jose dos Campos which blew off the emergency
door on the right side.
The plane was flying from Vitoria in Espirito Santo state to Sao Paulo with a
stopover in Sao Jose dos Campos.
The accident came eight months after another Fokker-100 TAM aircraft crashed
into homes in a densely populated area of Sao Paulo after taking off from
Congonhas domestic airport, killing 98 people including two on the ground.
TAM is Brazil's leading regional carrier and its fastest growing airline.
Brazilian business magazine Exame recently voted TAM company of the year.
Additional information issued:
July 11, 1997 - re. Brazil Probes Plane Explosion (9th July 1997)
SAO PAULO, Brazil - An ``illicit substance'' hidden in a
suitcase might have caused an explosion aboard a Brazilian jetliner
that hurled a passenger 8,000 feet to his death, an investigator
The explosion aboard a TAM Airlines Fokker jet blew
a hole in the fuselage. Three seats were sucked out of the plane
and a 38-year-old man Fernando Caldeira de Moura fell 8,000 feet to
his death. Six other passengers were injured.
The jetliner, carrying 55 passengers and a crew of five, was
forced to make an emergency landing at Sao Paulo's airport.
``There are indications that the explosion was caused by an
illicit substance,'' said Col. Juan Enrique Vargara Canto, head of
the Air Force's Regional Civil Aviation Service. He declined to
Other investigators said the explosion might have been caused by
chemical products in a suitcase.
``By the traces, it was a chemical product,'' Air Force Maj.
Divonsir Vaz said.
Lt. Carlos Zorio of Sao Paulo state police also said there were
signs of a chemical explosion.
Luiz Eduardo Falco, vice president of TAM airlines, said the
plane had no potentially explosive material in the section where
the explosion occurred and that the possibility of a bomb was not
Infraero, which operates 67 domestic airports, said it would
spend about $8.3 million to beef up security.
The jet was traveling from Vitoria to Sao Paulo when the blast
Fernando Caldeira de Moura's body was recovered from a field
near Sao Paulo. In his jacket pocket was a ticket showing he had
left his assigned seat 7C and moved 11 rows back to an unoccupied
The Air Force is heading the investigation and has three months
to conclude its report.
Last year, another TAM Fokker-100 crashed into a crowded
neighborhood, minutes after taking off from Sao Paulo's airport,
killing all 96 on board and three on the ground.
July 18, 1997 - Probe: Brazil Plane Blasted By Bomb (9th July 1997)
A bomb hidden in a suitcase was the cause of last week's explosion
aboard a Brazilian jetliner that hurled a passenger 8,000 feet
to his death, investigators confirmed Friday.
The July 9 blast aboard a TAM Airlines Fokker jet carrying 60
people blew a hole in the fuselage. A 38-year-old man was sucked
through the opening, and six other passengers were injured.
Police said a letter signed by a previously unknown group,
simply calling itself MRAS, claimed responsibility. The letter made
references to social injustice and official corruption.
The jet made an emergency landing at Sao Paulo's metropolitan
``The explosion was caused by a bomb, purposely built to that
end,'' Osvaldo Negrini, technical director of the Sao Paulo State
Police Department's Institute of Criminology, said by phone.
He said a remote control or time device could have been used to
detonate the device.
Air Force officials said never before has a Brazilian plane been
the target of a bomb attempt.
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